The Hidden Character: How Setting Shapes Stories.

Last week, I shared some tips on building worlds in writing, whether for scripts or novels. As I dove into a new novel set in the Cotswolds this week—a cosy mystery, not a fantasy or sci-fi—I rediscovered how much a location can influence a story, almost becoming a character of its own.

As part of my writing process (or procrastination, if we’re being honest!), I delved deeper into this topic and uncovered exciting ways to use location as a dynamic force in storytelling. The setting isn’t just a backdrop; it’s a vital element that can shape the narrative, influence character development, and evoke specific emotions in readers or viewers. Let’s explore how you can harness the power of location to enrich your storytelling experience.

Here Are 5 Ways How a Location Influences Your Story.

#1 – Establishing Mood and Atmosphere.
The mood and atmosphere of a story are profoundly shaped by its setting, incorporating geographical features, weather patterns, and cultural elements. A well-described setting can evoke emotions and immerse the audience in the narrative experience.

Take Emily Brontë’s timeless novel “Wuthering Heights,” where the Yorkshire moors play a pivotal role in establishing a haunting and tumultuous atmosphere. The isolated, windswept moorland surrounding the titular estate mirrors the wild and untamed passions of characters like Heathcliff and Catherine Earnshaw. The rugged landscape, with its harsh weather and desolate vistas, reflects the tempestuous relationships and emotional turmoil within.

The relentless wind and unpredictable weather intensify the brooding atmosphere, emphasising themes of nature’s power and the uncontrollable forces of passion and revenge. The setting itself feels alive, almost like a character influencing the actions and fates of its inhabitants. Brontë’s vivid descriptions of the moors create a sense of foreboding and mystery, drawing readers into the dark and tumultuous world of “Wuthering Heights.”

In this example, the Yorkshire moors are not just a backdrop but a vital component of the story’s emotional landscape. Through meticulously crafted mood and atmosphere, Brontë enhances the depth and intensity of her narrative, making the location an integral part of the storytelling experience.

When considering the impact of setting on mood and atmosphere in your own writing, think about how different elements of your chosen location—such as weather, geography, or architectural features—can evoke specific emotions and contribute to the overall tone of your story. By immersing your readers in a richly detailed setting that resonates with the themes and emotions of your narrative, you can create a powerful and evocative storytelling experience.

#2 – Influencing Characters and Relationships.
The setting of a story can profoundly influence the behaviours, beliefs, and interactions of its characters, shaping the dynamics of relationships within the narrative.

In Sofia Coppola’s film “Lost in Translation,” the bustling city of Tokyo serves as a dynamic and transformative backdrop that deeply impacts the characters’ emotions and relationships.

  • Cultural Isolation: Bob Harris (played by Bill Murray) and Charlotte (played by Scarlett Johansson) find themselves in a foreign city, navigating cultural and linguistic barriers. Tokyo’s vibrant yet unfamiliar atmosphere intensifies their sense of isolation and disconnection, leading them to form a unique bond as fellow outsiders.
  • Sense of Alienation: Against Tokyo’s sprawling urban landscape—illuminated by neon lights, crowded streets, and bustling nightlife—Bob, a middle-aged actor disillusioned with his career and marriage, and Charlotte, a young woman questioning her purpose and identity, share a palpable feeling of displacement and existential weariness. This setting draws them together despite their differing life stages and experiences.
  • Intimacy and Connection: Amidst Tokyo’s sensory overload, Bob and Charlotte’s relationship deepens as they explore the city together, sharing intimate moments of introspection. The setting facilitates a profound emotional connection between the characters, transcending language barriers and societal expectations.
  • Reflection of Internal States: Tokyo’s blend of modernity and tradition mirrors Bob and Charlotte’s internal struggles and emotional journeys. The juxtaposition of ancient temples and high-tech innovations symbolises their contrasting perspectives on life and the passage of time. The setting poignantly reflects their inner turmoil and longing for authenticity in a superficial world.

Through its evocative portrayal of Tokyo, “Lost in Translation” illustrates how setting can shape characters’ emotional landscapes and interpersonal dynamics. The city’s energy and visual richness serve as a catalyst for personal growth and self-discovery, ultimately fostering a transformative connection between two lost souls.

When crafting your own stories, consider how the setting can mirror your characters’ internal conflicts, emotional states, and relationships. Whether exploring a bustling metropolis, a serene natural landscape, or a historical period, leverage the unique characteristics of your chosen setting to enrich your characters’ experiences and deepen the thematic resonance of your narrative. By integrating the setting as a dynamic and integral element of your storytelling, you can enhance your characters’ journeys’ emotional depth and authenticity.


#3 –  Driving Conflict and Plot.
In many narratives, the setting plays a pivotal role beyond mere backdrop—actively drives conflicts and propels the plot forward.

Take “The Martian” as an example, where the setting of Mars serves as a compelling backdrop that drives conflict and influences the protagonist’s actions and decisions throughout the story.

Hostile and Isolated Environment: After a mission gone awry, stranded astronaut Mark Watney faces a relentless series of challenges on Mars. The planet’s barren, desolate landscape—with its extreme temperatures, thin atmosphere, and scarce resources—becomes a formidable antagonist that Mark must overcome to survive.

  • Survival Against All Odds: Mark’s struggle for survival on Mars becomes the central focus of the plot, amplifying the stakes of his predicament. From food shortages to equipment failures and constant exposure to harsh conditions, the hostile environment drives the urgency of Mark’s mission to find innovative solutions and adapt to his surroundings.
  • Problem-Solving and Ingenuity: Mars’s setting highlights Mark’s resourcefulness and problem-solving skills. With limited supplies and communication, Mark must rely on his scientific knowledge and engineering expertise to overcome obstacles and sustain himself on the barren planet, showcasing resilience and determination in the face of overwhelming odds.
  • Interplay of Science and Exploration: “The Martian” intricately weaves scientific accuracy into its narrative, using Mars’s setting to explore themes of exploration, discovery, and human ingenuity. Detailed descriptions of Mars’ geography, geology, and atmospheric conditions immerse readers in the challenges of extraterrestrial exploration, highlighting the interplay between humanity and the vast cosmos.
  • Emotional Impact and Character Development: Mars’s isolation profoundly impacts Mark’s emotional state and psychological resilience. As he grapples with loneliness and uncertainty, the setting becomes a crucible for character development, revealing Mark’s wit, humour, and unwavering determination to survive against all odds.

In “The Martian,” Andy Weir demonstrates how Mars’s setting drives conflict, shapes character development and enhances thematic exploration. The hostile and isolated environment becomes a dynamic force that propels the narrative forward, showcasing the indomitable spirit of human resilience in the face of adversity.

When crafting your own stories, consider how you can leverage the setting to drive conflict and plot. Explore how the unique characteristics of your chosen environment can influence your characters’ motivations, actions, and emotional journeys, creating a rich and immersive storytelling experience for your audience. Integrating the setting as a dynamic and integral narrative element can elevate your story’s tension, stakes, and emotional resonance.


#4 – Symbolism and Theme Reinforcement.
In literature and film, setting is a powerful tool for reinforcing underlying themes and conveying symbolic meaning.

The characteristics of a particular location can evoke deeper associations and enrich a story’s thematic resonance.

Nowhere is this more evident than in J.R.R. Tolkien’s expansive world of Middle-earth, where diverse landscapes and regions play a crucial role in reinforcing key themes and symbolising deeper meanings within the narrative.

  • The Shire: The pastoral setting of the Shire, home to hobbits like Frodo Baggins, embodies themes of innocence, simplicity, and the tranquillity of rural life. The lush green hills, cosy hobbit-holes, and peaceful lifestyle symbolise a nostalgic ideal of harmony with nature and community bonds. Frodo’s departure from the Shire on his quest to destroy the One Ring marks a departure from this idyllic innocence into the perils of the wider world.
  • Rivendell (The Last Homely House): Rivendell, the hidden refuge of the elves led by Elrond, serves as a sanctuary and a place of wisdom and counsel. Nestled amidst majestic mountains and cascading waterfalls, Rivendell symbolises the preservation of ancient knowledge, cultural heritage, and the enduring struggle against darkness. Its serene beauty and mystical aura embody themes of hope, unity, and resistance against evil.
  • Moria: The dark and dangerous mines of Moria, once a thriving dwarven kingdom, represent themes of loss, abandonment, and the haunting specter of past glory. The ominous depths of Moria, now infested with goblins and a lurking Balrog, serve as a cautionary tale of greed and hubris leading to downfall. The ruins of Moria underscore the fleeting nature of power and the consequences of unchecked ambition.
  • Mordor: Mordor’s desolate and volcanic landscape embodies Middle-earth’s ultimate manifestation of evil and corruption. Mount Doom, the fiery heart of Sauron’s domain where the One Ring must be destroyed, symbolises the epicentre of darkness and spiritual decay. Mordor’s barren wastelands and oppressive atmosphere reinforce the theme of existential struggle against overwhelming odds and the triumph of hope against despair.
  • The Journey through Middle-earth: The diverse settings and landscapes traversed by the Fellowship of the Ring—from lush forests to treacherous mountains and expansive plains—symbolise the epic scope of their quest and the diversity of experiences encountered on the path to salvation. Each location reflects the characters’ internal struggles and growth, highlighting themes of friendship, sacrifice, and the enduring power of courage in the face of adversity.

Through the evocative use of setting, Tolkien masterfully reinforces thematic motifs and imbues “The Lord of the Rings” with layers of symbolic depth. The landscapes of Middle-earth become more than mere backdrops—they serve as integral components of the narrative, enriching the storytelling experience and resonating with universal themes of heroism, redemption, and the eternal struggle between light and darkness.

Consider leveraging the setting to reinforce thematic elements and convey symbolic meaning when crafting your own stories. Explore the interplay between characters and their environments, using the setting as a canvas to explore profound themes and evoke emotional resonance. By integrating symbolism and thematic reinforcement into your narrative’s setting, you can create a rich, immersive storytelling experience that resonates with readers and viewers alike.


#5 – Evoking Emotional Responses.
In literature and film, setting plays a crucial role in eliciting specific emotions from audiences by creating immersive environments that resonate with the themes and characters’ experiences.

In Colm Tóibín’s novel “Brooklyn,” the setting of both rural Ireland and bustling Brooklyn, New York, plays a pivotal role in evoking emotional responses and shaping the protagonist’s journey of self-discovery.

  • Ireland: The rural Irish setting at the novel’s beginning evokes nostalgia and longing for home in the protagonist, Eilis Lacey. The tranquil landscapes and close-knit community symbolise familiarity and comfort, highlighting Eilis’s initial reluctance to leave her homeland for America.
  • Brooklyn, New York: As Eilis settles into her new life in Brooklyn, the bustling urban environment catalyses personal growth and emotional transformation. The vibrant streets, diverse neighbourhoods, and bustling immigrant communities evoke a sense of possibility and opportunity, contrasting with the quiet confines of her Irish upbringing.
  • Exploration of Identity and Belonging: The interplay between the Irish and American settings reflects Eilis’s internal conflict and quest for identity. Each location evokes distinct emotional responses and challenges Eilis’s perceptions of self and belonging, ultimately shaping her journey towards independence and self-empowerment.

In “Brooklyn,” Colm Tóibín demonstrates how setting can evoke nuanced emotional responses and enrich the thematic exploration of identity and belonging. By immersing readers in vividly rendered environments that resonate with universal emotions, Tóibín enhances the narrative’s depth and emotional resonance.

When crafting your own stories, consider how you can leverage the setting to evoke specific emotional responses from your audience. Explore the sensory details, symbolic imagery, and thematic significance of your chosen locations to enhance the emotional impact of your narrative and deepen the connection between readers and characters. By integrating the setting as a dynamic element that evokes emotion and enhances thematic resonance, you can create a compelling and immersive storytelling experience.

In Conclusion – the role of the setting in storytelling is multifaceted and profound. It goes beyond merely providing a backdrop and actively shapes narrative direction and character development. Storytellers should embrace the setting’s potential as a powerful tool to enrich their narratives and create immersive worlds that resonate with audiences on a profound level.

Now it’s YOUR TURN – Which setting from a book or movie left the strongest impression on you and why?

Would love to get your input in the comment box below.

2 thoughts on “The Hidden Character: How Setting Shapes Stories.”

  1. Outlander- Scotland 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿
    The Good Earth-China.
    The Cosen- Brooklyn

    In these books the setting and time periods reflect and influence much of the story

    1. I love how Scotland plays such a major setting in the Outlander and the land (Highlands) become such an integral part of the story… besides that I am a “sucker” of Scotland – one of my favorite places to go hiking and I never get over teh beauty of it.

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